Foot and ankle pain can be caused by many different conditions including plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis. Newton Wellesley Orthopedic Associates in Newton and Wellesley, MA will identify the source of pain and treat your foot or ankle problem.
Conditions Affecting the Foot
Bunions are actually the joint of the big toe sticking out on the side of the foot. This is often caused by overlap with the second toe. Bunions can be painful and make it difficult to wear shoes. Surgery is usually a last resort.
A hammertoe is a bend in the middle joint of a toe. This condition is often seen in women who wear high heels or narrow shoes. A change in footwear or use of orthotics can relieve the pain. In some cases, surgery is done.
Foot arthritis affects the joints, muscles and/or bones in the feet. The pain and swelling causes by arthritis of the feet can be relived or lessened by using hot and cold packs, wearing proper footwear and orthotic devices or even massage. Other treatments include medication and surgery.
Heel pain is often a symptom of plantar fasciitis, which is a painful condition in which the plantar fascia becomes inflamed. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue on the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes.
Foot fractures are painful and can be caused by a simple misstep or even overuse. Treatment varies based on the severity of the fracture and ranges from immobilization for healing to surgery in which plates, rods or screws may be implanted.
Conditions Affecting the Ankle
Ankle fractures are common injuries that can cause pain, swelling and bruising. Causes can include an accident, fall or twisted ankle on an uneven sidewalk. A fracture of this kind may require a cast or brace and sometimes surgery.
The Achilles tendon connects calf muscles to the heel bone. When the Achilles is overused, Achilles tendonitis can occur resulting in pain of varying degrees. Often, rest, ice, compression and elevation can relieve the pain. If not treated, the Achilles can rupture, which can lead to surgery.
A sprained ankle is the result of twisting your ankle in a way that tears the ligaments. A sprain can be very mild and heal with rest, ice, compression and elevation. A more serious sprain may call for physical therapy to regain strength. If a ligament is torn, surgery may be the best option.
Arthritis of the ankle often produces pain, stiffness and swelling and can make walking difficult. Treatments include medication and surgery.