Conditions Affecting The Knee
Knee arthritis is a common condition. Many types of arthritis can affect the knee resulting in pain and swelling. Possible treatments include exercise, medication and knee surgeries including knee replacement and arthroscopy.
ACL Tear/Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) occurs very commonly in athletes of all levels. The ACL is a stout ligament located in the center of the knee joint, which is one of the key ligaments responsible for stabilizing the knee during lateral and pivoting maneuvers.
A torn meniscus is one of the most common sports injuries of the knee. The meniscus is a C-shaped cartilage structure, and two of them are located in the knee joint. The medial meniscus is more often torn than the lateral meniscus and can also develop degenerative tears in a patient who also has arthritis of the knee. The lateral meniscus can also be torn, but usually from an athletic injury, and can be seen with injuries of other structures such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or medial collateral ligament (MCL).
Patellar tendonitis, also referred to as jumper’s knee, is a condition of the tendon that connects the patella (kneecap) to the shinbone. Physical therapy and medication is helpful in reducing the pain. Surgery is only done rarely for this condition.
Patellofemoral syndrome occurs at the point where the back of the kneecap (patella) meets the thigh bone (femur) resulting in pain or discomfort. Though this condition is sometimes called runner’s knee, the cause of the pain is not clear. Surgery is only done in very bad cases.